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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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^0                                  STORMING OF BB'ABAT-PUB,  1826 AJX
Sir Charles Metcalfe and consented to the deposition of the usurper. After
a siege that extended over nearly six weeks; Bharat-pur was stormed by Lord
Combermere on the 18th of January, 1826. Durjan Sal was taken prisoner
to Allahabad, and the young Maharaja established on the throne under the
regency of his mother and the superintendence of a political agent.* He
died in 1853 and was succeeded by his only son, Jasavant Singh, the present
sovereign, who enjoys a revenue of about Rs. 21,00,000 derived from a teiritory
of 1,974 square miles ia extent, with a population of (550,000.
With 1804 began a period of undisturbed peace and rapid growth of pros-
perity for the city of Mathuni, which in 1832" was made the capital of a new
district, then formed out of parts of the old districts of Agra and Sa'ddbad ;
nor does any event claim notice till we come down to the year 1857. It was
on the 14th of May in that eventful year that news arrived of the mutiny at
Meratli. Mr. Mark Thornhill, who was then Magistrate and Collector of the
district, with Ghulam Husain as Deputy Collector, sent an immediate requisition
for aid to Bharat-pur. Captain Nixon, the political agent, accompanied by
Chaudhari Ratn Sinn, chief of the five Sardars, and Gobardhan Sinh, the
Faujdar, came with a small force to Kosi on the northern border of the district
and there stayed for a time in readiness to check the approach of the Mewaris
of Gurgaon and the other rebels from Delhi. Mr. Thornhill had meanwhile
removed to ChMta, a small town on the high-road some eight miles short of
Kosij as being a place which was at once a centre of disaffection, and at the
same time possessed in its fortified sarcte a stronghold capable of long resistance
against it. The first outbreak, however, was at Mathurd itself. The sum of
money then in the district treasury amounted to rather more than 5J lakhs,
and arrangements had been made for its despatch to -Agra, with the exception
of one lakh kept in reserve for local requirements. Tho escort consisted of a
comj>aiiy of soldiers from the cantonments, supported by another company
which had come over from Agra for the purpose.f The chests were being put
* The Rani of Balavant Sinh was a native of Dhadhu in the Sa'ddbad pargana, where is
a garden with a double chliaitri erected by her in memory of two of her relatives.
f There were present at the time Mr. Elliot Colvin, the son of the Lieutenant-Governor,
•who had been sent from Agra to supersede Mr. Clifford, laid up by severe Xever; Lieutenant
Graham, one of the officers of the Treasury Guard ; Mr. Joyce, the head clerk, and two of his
subordinates, by name Hashman. As they were cut off from the civil station by the rebels, %»ho
occupied the ifttermedlate ground, they made their way into the city to the Seth, by whom they
were helped on to Mr. Thornhiil's camp at Chhata. Mr. Nicholls, the Chaplain, with his wife
and child and a Native Christian nurse, took refuge in the Collector's house, and waited there
lor some time in hopes of being joined by the others j but on hearing that the jail was broken
opeQj they fied to Agra.